type and area (LBN , ) and the minimum air volume for one person ( LBN ,. ). Sometimes a generalized air exchange of 1 time per hour is . General Construction Regulations. ➢ Construction Norms for Multi-storey Apartment Buildings, LBN ➢ Construction Norms for Low-rise. Standard LBN. p states that entrance of the building and other common areas in the building(eg, corridors, utility rooms) must be.
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Construction Law Section 1. If the construction permit has been issued in violation of the provisions of this Paragraph, a higher authority pbn court, upon deciding the issue on the rule of law of the contested or appealed construction permit, shall evaluate whether the violation is so significant that the construction permit should be revoked, and shall particularly examine whether the right of public participation in decision-making have not been violated.
The landowner shall also be responsible for choosing a person who draws up the building design, building expert, performer of construction work and building supervisor conforming to laws and regulations. The procedures for the co-operation between the building authority and the Office, and also another authority which performs the functions of the building authority shall be determined by kbn general construction regulations.
Construction Principles Construction shall include designing and construction work, as a result of which existing structures are improved or demolished or new structures with a specific function are created.
Purpose of this Law The purpose of the Law is to create a living environment of good quality, determining efficient regulation of the construction process in order to ensure sustainable State economic and social development, preservation of cultural and historical and environmental values, as well as rational 211-08 of energy resources. Competence of the Local Government 1 For the enforcement of the Law the local government shall: If the building authority has issued a construction permit by the day the amendments to Section 6.
Indoor Air Quality in Multi-Apartment Buildings before and after Renovation
Forced execution of decisions shall be applied, if not more than five years have passed since their entering into effect, counting this time period in accordance with that laid down in the Administrative Procedure Law. If natural or legal persons do not ensure the building inspector with the right to visit and inspect structures and individual premises, such structures and individual premises may be accessed, applying substitute execution and physical force according to a decision of a district city court judge, which has been taken on the basis of an application of the building authority, Office or another institutions carrying out the functions of the building authority and the materials appended thereto.
A building authority or an institution which performs the functions of a building authority shall take one of the following decisions:. Construction Work 1 Construction work may be commenced kbn the building llbn has made a note in the construction permit on the fulfilment of all the conditions included therein, the fulfilment of the conditions for commencing construction work and the construction permit has ceased to be subject to appeal.
In order to perform such tasks, the ministry shall: The Saeima 1 has adopted and the President has proclaimed the following law: See Paragraphs 17 and 18 of Transitional Provisions] Section 7.
Indoor Air Quality in Multi-Apartment Buildings before and after Renovation : Construction Science
If it is necessary to access such structures and premises applying physical force, it shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures laid down in law. Until the day when the Cabinet regulations substituting the relevant Cabinet regulations come into force, but not longer than until 1 Julythe following Latvian construction standards shall be applicable insofar as they are not in contradiction with this Law:. The Office shall control the service of public buildings in accordance with the procedures specified in Section 21 of this Law.
Carrying out of this decision shall be ensured in accordance with the procedures laid down in the Administrative Procedure Law. Service of a Structure 1 After completion of construction work, the person who proposed construction shall ensure that surveying of the layout of the structure is performed and the structure is accepted for service.
Building Authority 1 A building authority is a local government institution or unit or an institution established by several local governments.
Within the meaning of this Law, a landowner is also the legal possessor of land of a public person, but an owner of the structure – the legal possessor of a structure belonging to a public person or another structure.
The structure accepted for service shall be used only in accordance with the designed type of use. In addition to the cases specified in the Administrative Procedure Law when the expenses related to executing a decision are covered by the addressee of the decision, the expenses related to renewal of the previous condition shall lbj covered by the owner of the structure.
Section 5, Ln one, Clause 12 and Section 211–08 of this Law shall come into force on 1 January Construction intentions, which have been submitted to the building authority and whereon a decision is not taken until 30 September shall be handed over for taking a decision to the Office in accordance with the procedures determined by the Administrative Procedure Law.
If a person wishes to continue an independent practice in engineering research, design or building expert-examination after reaching the retirement age, he or she must conform to the requirements of Section 13 of this Law. Until 30 June natural persons have the right to perform expert-examination, if they have received a certificate for the relevant types of design or construction work and also legal persons registered in accordance with the procedures laid down in the laws and regulations governing construction which employ a certified specialists in the relevant field.
The following principles shall be conformed to in construction: The initiator of the construction shall sign the application or other construction documents with a safe electronic signature or shall use the electronic means for signature available for the electronic service. As a result of changes, it is possible to envisage unplanned construction work for engineering structures of the first or second group, auxiliary buildings of the first group or the second group in the minimum composition of a building design or a building design.
A fence or wall delimiting a military site may not conform to 21-108 spatial plan, local plan or detailed plan of a local government. In the cases provided for in laws and regulations assessment of the competence of a building specialists shall be repeated. A structure shall be designed, constructed and serviced in accordance with its type of use; moreover, it shall be done in such a way as to ensure its conformity with the following essential requirements:.
Upon carrying out these functions, the Office shall apply the time periods specified in the Law for decision-taking and examination of disputes, shall ensure the procedures for the notification and discussion of a construction intention specified in the Law and also shall provide access to the information in the Construction Information System. In case of a new construction, the lb or justification of alternative solutions in construction documents may kbn replaced with the co-ordination or justification of derogations except for derogation from mechanical strength and stability, fire safety and hygiene, including harmlessness, requirements by excluding alternative technical solutions, if the new construction is intended in the historic building area or historic centre of a city or a village, and the derogations are justified by the preservation of cultural and historical values or the technical requirements of construction standards cannot be either technically or functionally fulfilled.
Upon partial renewal, rebuilding, restoration or preservation of a structure, technical requirements of construction standards shall be applicable in respect of the part of the structure to be renewed, rebuilt, restored or preserved. Terms Used in this Law The following terms are used in this Law: Register of Construction Merchants 1 In order to perform commercial activity in one or several fields of construction, lb well as in the field of architecture or electric energy, a merchant shall register with the Register of Construction Merchants, submitting information about all building specialists employed on the basis of an employment contract.
Construction Products 1 It shall 211–08 permitted to offer construction products on the market of Latvia, as well as to build them permanently in structures, if they are valid 121-08 the intended use, ensure the fulfilment of the essential requirements set for the structure and conform to the requirements of the laws and regulations governing construction. If a person wishes to continue an independent practice in engineering research, design, managing of construction work, building supervision or building expert-examination after reaching the 211–08 age, he or she must conform to the requirements of Section 13 of this Law.